Portugal - the duroe statutory area (Douro DOC).
Portugal is one of the traditional wine producers in Europe, and has a history of more than 2500 years. There is a saying: water is more expensive than wine in Portugal, indicating that the country is lack of rain, is a place rich in wine. The unique climatic and soil conditions allow the growth of more than 250 varieties of grapes in Portugal, especially the 80,000 acres of terraces on both sides of the Duro River. The reason is that the roots of the grapes can reach 20 to 30 meters underground in these slopes rich in potassium and phosphorus, and the change of humidity and temperature in four seasons. It doesn't affect their nutrient uptake, and Portugal's abundant sunlight makes it possible to grow fine wine grapes.
Portugal is the world's most high quality wine in their native grape varieties and characteristics, according to the history of literature. The history of liquor making can be traced back to 1548. Now, through improved equipment and improved brewing technology, high-quality Port and Duro River red wines have spread all over the world. Throughout the year, the valley of the Duro Valley is transformed with colors. By the middle of September,the harvest season came and people were busy picking grapes on the terraced terraces.Du Luohe entered Portugal from Spain and crossed Portugal into the Atlantic. Douro DOC is a meandering valley along the Duro River in northern Spain, where grapesare grown to make Port.There are five main varieties in Luohe area: Touriga Nacional, Touriga Franca, Tinta Roriz, Tinta Barroca and Tinta Cao. There are, of course, many other native varieties.It produces excellent red wine and white wine with excellent quality, heavy texture and complex structure. The calm wines made from grapes are DOC Douro or Duriense andDouro Moscatel.Alonso is a famous winery in the Duro Valley. The wine is made from Touriga Nacional, Touriga franca and a small amount of Tinta Barroca and Tinta Roriz. The wine is strong, with rich aromas of black fruits, accompanied by minerals and spices.
Portugal has 23 districts that produce DOC (Denominacao do Origem Controlada, Portugal'shighest-grade statutory region), but 24 districts have statutory names for the
Douro,precisely because the Douro Valley has two DOCs, the alcohol-fortified "Porto" and the static "Douro". The proportion of alcohol fortified wine (Porto) to general static wine
(Douro) produced in the Duro Valley today is 4:6; the red-white ratio of DOC Douro wine is 6:4. Douro DOC's red wine is currently Portugal's most eye-catching wine.The duroe river is the world's first royal vineyard. Late summer and early autumn, it is the season of grape harvest, a string of crystal clear grapes hanging on the branches,peoplesalivate. The grapes and wine produced there are long and distinctive.
The earliest record of wine recorded in the Duro river area appeared in the middle of seventeenth Century. In the 18th century, because of war and trade disputes, the French wine supply was unstable, so British exporters began to look for new sources of supply, thus promoting a large number of wine exports in the region. However, what is worse is that some of the inferior wines are tagging into the market on the label of the Dor river. So in September 10th of 1756, the Royal constitution issued a decree to declare the duroe wine producing area. The glorious Portuguese wine industry, with 106,000 hectares of vineyards in sparsely populated areas, produces about 70% of Portugal's total wine exports annually and sells more than $512 million.